CATARACT

The natural lens:
The natural lens, like the cornea, makes sure that the light rays which enter the eye are properly focussed on to the retina. This results in a sharp image on the retina. The natural lens is transparent and clear which enables light to pass through it easily.

What is Cataract?
Clouding or opacification of the natural lens is cataract. Cataract caused by old age (most commonly) or other reasons affects the clarity and the visual acuity. The lens startes loosing its transparency and become transluscent and then opaque. Cataract is the most common cause of vision impairment and blindness in the world.

What are the Symptoms of cataract

  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • The need for more light when reading
  • Diminished night vision
  • Changed prescription power for glasses

Senile cataract
Senile cataract is by far the most common type of cataract. Senile cataract can be compared to getting wrinkles and turning grey. Due to an aging population, this type of cataract is on the increase.

When Is It Time To Consider Cataract Surgery?
Time for cataract surgery depends on many factors including your quality of life, your occupational needs, personal health, grading of cataract, associated complications (if any), etc.

Typically down time for surgery is limited, so if you have some help, chances are good you will recover quickly and experience a much better quality of life.

For the most part, patients interested in surgery should ask their doctors about it sooner rather than later.

If your eye doctor recommends you wait, ask them their reasons for suggesting this. They may have a legitimate concern about your health you need to address.

As a patient, you owe it to yourself to take care of your body, including your eyes. Your doctor can help you decide the best time to have surgery if you develop cataract.

For some people, despite their age, cataracts remain a minor problem. If cataracts do impair the quality of your life however, you deserve the opportunity to do something about it, with as little down time as possible.

How are cataracts treated?
The cataract is treated by surgery. An eye surgeon will remove your cloudy lens and in most cases, replace it with a clear, man-made focusing lens (intraocular lens implant, or IOL).

The replacement lens implant remains permanently inside your eye and does not degrade.

Cataract surgery is usually a day care procedure, which means that you will go home on the day of your operation.

However, you may wish to arrange for someone to stay overnight with you at home on the day of surgery.

What surgical procedures are available for cataract surgery?
Apart from conventional surgical methods, the most advanced technology PHACOEMULSIFICATION is the most preferred mode of treatment.
It is highly safe, easy, efficient and restores good vision as compared to conventional methods.

Is the surgery carried out under local anaesthetic?
YES. 99.9 % cases are performed under local or topical anesthesia. Rare cases may require general anesthesia.

Can I have non-surgical methods of treating cataract?
NO. At present only surgical correction is the measure to treat cataract.

When will I be able to see clearly after cataract surgery?
Most patients see good within a day or two after cataract surgery. Few patients may see blur in the initial 1-2 weeks due to slower healing responses which improves over a period of few weeks.

Is my cataract surgery covered under insurance?
YES. Now a days most of the hospital (are recognized and listed in the panel of various insurance companies, corporates and government offices. You can avail insurance from them.

After Cataract Surgery

Will I require any eye medication following surgery?
Yes. Few medications will be started following your cataract surgery which will fasten up healing and recovery.
It is very essential that you instill these medications as per the doctors advice and never miss a dose.

What must I avoid following surgery?
Avoid touching or rubbing the operated eye.
Not to lift heavy loads like bucket etc.
No head bath or face wash for at least 15 days.

Will I need glasses following surgery?
You may require glasses following a cataract surgery depending on your pre-operative refractive status, type of lens implantation and healing response of your eye.
After about 6 weeks of surgery, you will be provided with glasses (if required)